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Temple of Hadrian

History

The Temple of Hadrian was built in 145 by Antonius Pius, the emperor’s adoptive son and heir. Only the side colonnade (Corinthian-styled columns) of the temple survived.  They were later incorporated into a building in the Piazza di Pietra (The Stone Square). Sad fact is that the stone of the temple was later used to build the square.

Templo di Adriano

The temple is located on Piazza di Pietra (stone square).  It’s name is derived from the fact that temple columns and stones were used to build the square. In older times,  it was called Campus Martius – field of Mars.

This was, at one time, a grand temple designed in the “octo-style”, meaning it had eight columns in the front side of the structure. There were 15 columns on both sides of this temple, although the remains that can be seen today is only one of these longer sides.  Four of the original 15 columns are missing, leaving us with 11 – tall, stone columns that had been part of a palace in the 17th century and are now part of the façade of the Roman Chamber of Commerce building.

As you look up at the columns, you can see the Corinthian tops to the columns which stand nearly 50 feet tall. The Temple of Hadrian has been called the Temple of Neptune by mistake in the past. Today it stands as a testament to the architectural marvels of ancient Rome in the Piazza di Pietra, whose paving stones are made from temple stones.

Reconstruction

The Temple of Hadrian is a temple to the deified Hadrian on the Campus Martius in Rome, Italy, built by his adoptive son and successor Antoninus Pius in 145 and now incorporated into a later building in the Piazza di Pietra (Piazza of Stone – derived from use of the temple’s stones to build the piazza). It was once erroneously known as the Temple of Neptune.

One wall of the cella survives, together with eleven of the 15-metre-high Corinthian columns from the external colonnade, on a 4 m high peperino base. The fixing holes for its original marble covering can still be seen. This facade, along with the architrave (reconstructed after antiquity), was incorporated into a 17th-century papal palace by Carlo Fontana, now occupied by the Borsa bank. The building was octastyle and had 15 columns on each long side (four have been lost from the surviving side).

Inside the bank the remains of the non-apsidal naos can be seen, once covered by a barrel vault supported on columns between which were battle-trophies.[1] The base of the columns had reliefs of personifications of the provinces of the empire (some of which are now in the National Roman Museum and Capitoline Museums demonstrating Hadrian’s less warlike policy than his predecessor Trajan.

The temple had a large square arcade surrounded by columns in giallo antico and which opened onto the Via Lata (now the Via del Corso) through a triumphal arch. This arch has been identified as the one called the “arch of Antoninus” in later sources, but has also been called the “arch of Claudius” and the “arch of the Tosetti”, from the name of the family that inhabited Piazza Sciarra (now disappeared due to road-widening of the Via del Corso). Despite having fallen into ruin and been demolished, the arch still gave its name in the 18th century to the ‘Via dell’Archetto’.

Sources: Wikipedia, Virtual Tourist


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